MPP Tim Hudak’s “Opportunity in the Sharing Economy Act" Private Member's Bill


Too many Ontarians would be hard pressed to pay an unexpected expense of a thousand dollars and balance their monthly budget. Take home pay has been stagnant at best and costs of running the home have increased. The sharing economy has given people the opportunity to put more money in their pocketbook by better utilizing assets they own, such as a home, a vehicle or a parking spot.

The 'sharing economy' (also known as collaborative consumption or peer-to-peer economy) is a way to connect consumers to sellers for the purposes of buying, renting, or borrowing a product or a service.

New technology platforms such as Uber, Airbnb, and Rover are well known examples of the sharing economy at work. There are one million Uber rides a month across Ontario. An average uber driver in Ontario makes about $3,125 per year. Airbnb hosts can rent out a room in a house, and help pay down the mortgage. An average Chicago host makes $8,300 per year in extra income listing and hosting their space. 56% of hosts in Chicago use the income they make from home sharing to pay their rent or mortgage and stay in their home.

The economic appeal of these companies has led to rapid growth, “with revenues from five key sectors of the sharing economy estimated to be USD $15 billion today and projected to grow to USD $335 billion by 2025” (PwC). As such, many governments in the US and Europe have begun to explore modern approaches to legislation to empower people to make more money, offer greater consumer choice and lower costs.

The Opportunity in the Sharing Economy Act would be the first of its kind in Canada.

While controversial, sharing economy services are here to stay. In fact, the Opportunity in the Sharing Economy Act argues greater competition, innovation, entrepreneurship, and consumer choice will be of significant net benefit to Ontario residents and businesses.

And if we want Ontario to be an innovative economy and open the door to new jobs, new technology and investment, then we need to welcome these new products and create an environment for success, not stand in their way. We need to continue growing our own talent and companies so that these innovators won’t look elsewhere to develop their ideas.

Opportunity in the Sharing Economy Act Summary

People should be empowered to earn revenue from assets they own and the role of government should err on the side of getting out of their way. The Bill will be modern, enabling legislation to empower Ontario residents to earn income and benefit from ridesharing, home sharing and parking sharing. The Bill creates a streamlined, province wide framework to allow the municipal licensing of transportation network companies, homesharing and parking spot sharing to reduce the regulatory burden and get needed information to consumers around safety and consumer protection measures.

We will look at other areas of the sharing economy - for example financial services such as lending and crowdfunding- in a subsequent Bill.

Bill Structure

Part One - Ridesharing

The Bill allows for municipal and provincial (trips between municipalities) licensing of a new entity called a Transportation Network Companies and sets minimum standards around drivers, vehicles, consumer protection and safety.


Transportation network company (TNC): an entity that uses a digital application service to connect passengers to services provided by drivers of the TNC. A TNC does not own, control, operate, or manage the vehicles used by TNC drivers as they are solely owned by the drivers themselves. A TNC is not a taxicab association or a for-hire vehicle owner.

Driver: is an individual who gets connected to potential passengers and related services through a digital platform and uses their own vehicle to offer or provide a passenger with a ride to their desired destination.


Some of the obligations of the TNC:

1. TNC shall ensure that the fare calculation method for each ride is disclosed to the passenger before a ride begins

2. TNC shall also ensure that an electronic receipt is transmitted to the passenger in full detail – and will keep records

3. TNC shall let a passenger know in advance the driver's name, vehicle, license plate and picture of the driver

4. TNC must have in-app feedback mechanisms

5. TNC will ensure adequate insurance of the vehicle, driver and passenger

6. The TNC shall adopt a policy of non-­discrimination with respect to passengers or neighbourhoods.

7. TNC will ensure all vehicles meet prescribed safety standards

Some of the obligations of the driver (TNC can revoke the operating permit of a driver who does not comply with its legal obligations):

8. Driver will not accept street hails

9. TNC will have a zero tolerance policy for drivers under alcohol or drug use

10. TNC will ensure all contracted drivers meet minimum standards including

a. Possessing a driver’s license, proof of registration, is at least 21 years of age, has a good driving record and has never been convicted of a criminal offence

11. TNC will require the driver to submit an application to the TNC, which includes information regarding his or her address, age, driver’s license, driving history, motor vehicle registration, automobile liability insurance, and other information required by the TNC;

a. Conduct, or have a third party conduct, a local and national criminal background check for each applicant

b. Obtain and review a driver abstract for said applicant.


Municipalities will be able to assess an Accessible Vehicle Fund fee to help ensure the provision of accessible vehicles in the municipality. Establishing an Accessible Vehicle Fund encourages TNCs to bring more accessible vehicles on the road.

Municipalities will also have stronger enforcement tools including the use of demerit points for those with multiple offenses, such as bandit cabs.

Part Two - Homesharing

The Bill will enable individuals to earn income by sharing part or their entire home with guests for short term stays.


Homesharing: is an arrangement reached between a host and guest(s) that offers the host's entire dwelling, or a private or semi-private space within the host's dwelling, to be used as accommodation by said guest(s).


1. Any residential property anywhere in Ontario can be shared in full or in part for up to 4 months (120 days) in a year without needing a municipal license, and with no change in the regulatory obligations of the owner. If a property is shared for more than 4 months (120 days) of the year, the municipality may impose a license or other regulatory obligations.

Part Three – Parking Sharing

The Bill will enable individuals to earn income by sharing their parking spaces with drivers all around the province who need to park their vehicle on a short-term basis.


Parking space: Is the space in which a customer can rent to park their vehicle for a pre-determined amount of time that is decided upon through the agreement between the customer and the owner of the space

Owner of space: An individual, company or institution who is the sole owner, defined by their leasing or owner’s contract, of the parking space that is available to be rented out. The owner has the ability to share their parking spot for an unlimited basis and without municipal interference.


1. A parking space in Ontario can be shared in full or in part for 365 days in a year without needing a municipal license and with no change in the regulatory obligations of the owner

2. Owners must ensure the number of cars in the parking space will not exceed the amount the cars the width of the space is capable of accommodating, in order to avoid blocking cars or sidewalks

General Provisions:

This Bill will implement a sunset review in 5 years after proclamation in order to appropriately evaluate and assess the effectiveness and relevancy of the Bill given expected technological advancements.

This Bill also implicitly endorses the sharing economy. It ensures that the government cannot discriminate in procurement or government employee expenses. For instance, a receipt for Uber should treated the same as a cab receipt and a homesharing receipt should be treated the same as a hotel receipt.

Download Opportunity in the Sharing Economy Act - PDF
Help Me Write the Bill for the Best Solutions

I want you to help me write phase two of the Bill

In October of 2015 I introduced a Private Member’s Bill to address the gray area in legislation surrounding some aspects of the sharing economy, including ridesharing, homesharing and parking sharing.

Now, I’m working on phase two – a second Private Member’s Bill that will look at cottage food laws, carpooling, crowdfunding and task and skill sharing.

Share your thoughts

I know the ideas for it. I know the problems. But I want you to help me write the Bill for the best solutions. For example, what foods should be allowed to be made and sold from a home kitchen, or how much should you be able to earn as a “tasker” in the sharing economy?

Please complete the Share Your Solutions form to help.

  • Share Your Solutions

    Please fill out the form below to share your thoughts.


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We believe that you should be free to rent out your home, car and driveway for extra income in today's tough economy.

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